Semester 9

Course: Introduction to Smart Grids

Course Code: ΕΕΗ15
Course Level: Undergratuate
Obligatory/Elective: Elective
Semester: 9
Division: Division of Energy
Group: Group A
ECTS Credits: 5
Hours Per Week: 4
Language: Greek, English
  1. Introduction to Smart Grids,
    • Introductory remarks, terms and definitions,
    • Regulatory framework
    • Smart grid concepts
  2. Smart Grid elements,
    • Smart Grid Architecture
    • Operational monitoring and measurements
    • Connectivity and standards
  3. Smart Grid communications,
    • Management systems of distribution and transmission systems
    • Communication Requirements in the face of Distributed Generation and microgrids
    • Advanced SCADA systems
    • Data Analysis
  4. Smart Grid security
    • Motives
    • Weaknesses
    • Requirements for security and privacy
    • Cyberattacks definitions, technical characteristics and counter-measures
  5. Flexibility in Smart Grids
    • Generation Flexibility
    • Load Flexibility
    • Active Distribution Networks
  6. Latest trends in Smart Grids
    • Smart Buildings
    • E-mobility
    • Energy Storage Systems
  7. Generation/Consumption Forecasting
    • Load Forecasting techniques
    • Generation Forecasting techniques
    • Variable time horizons
  8. Case studies and Tools
    • Peer-to-peer and other transactions in smart grid electricity markets
    • Microgrids
    • Local Energy communities
Learning Outcomes:

With the completion of this course the student:

  • Will have grasped the fundamental concepts and characteristics of the smart grids.
  • Will be familiarized with modern smart grids subjects, such as, cybersecurity, flexibility.
  • Will be able to identify and analyze smart grid architecture
  • Will be able to describe and analyze issues such as forecasting of energy generation and consumption, as well as peer-to-peer transactions, blockchain integration in power systems etc.
  • Will become familiar with the concepts of microgrids, Virtual Power Plants and Local energy communities.

Transmission and Distribution of Electrical Energy, Stability of Power systems, Renewable Energy Sources, Power electronics, Electricity Market.

Teaching Methods:



The assessment method adopted in this course will be two-fold:

1.         Written exam comprising 70% of the final course grade, consisting of: multiple-choice tests, short-answer questions and problem solving.

2.         Written work, essay/report, oral exam, presentation comprising 30% of the final course grade. The students will be evaluated according to the content as well as the presentation of their work.

Suggested Books:

- Recommended Book Resources:

[1]   Borlase, S (Ed.) (2017). Smart Grids: infrastructure, technology and solutions. CRC press

[2]   Uslar, M., Specht, M., Danekas, C., Trefke, J., Rohjans, S., Gonzalez, J. M, … & Bleiker R. (2013). Standardization in smart grids: introduction to IT-related methodologies, architectures and standards. Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.

[3]   Fadlullah, Z. M. & Kato, N. (2015). Evolution of Smart Grids, Springer International Publishing.

[4]   Buchholz, B. M., & Styczynski, Z. (2020). Smart Grids. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

[5]   Xiao, Y. (2012). Communication and networking in Smart Grids. CRC press.

[6]   Boroojeni, K. G. Amini, M. H., & Iyengar, S. S. (2017). Smart Grids: Security and privacy issues. International Publishing, 2017.

- Recommended Article/Paper Resources:

IEEE Transactions on Smart Grids

IEEE Transactions on Power Systems

IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine

Lecturer: Bouhouras Aggelos